Archive for July, 2019

Hello Everyone!
I am writing to catch you all up on some of our recent projects and changes. In the last MVHS newsletter, #44, I didn’t have room to share all the news we had. I feel a little guilty, in that i seemed to give short shrift to the all-important building project and the fund-raising efforts that support it.

So i am going to reprint here Kay Raplenovich’s reports, edited a bit by me and with information from a couple other MVHS Board members, and will include the whole page of drawings from Jim Groeling–his most recent, but certainly not final, version of plans for the new museum building. Kay is on the Mattole Valley Historical Society’s Board of Directors, and one of the firecrackers behind both our Building Committee and our Fund-raising Committee (with the equally brilliant fund-raiser, event coordinator, and caterer Lori Cook), including the Capital Campaign subcommittee. Kay had written her report for the newsletter, but i think it deserves a wider exposure and some context.

Therefore, i will precede it with a little report of my own. First, especially if you don’t get the newsletter or are new to this blog or the MVHS, please go to the other tab at the top of this screen for the updated “About the MVHS and West of the Redwoods” page. There you will find a very general report of where we are now.

Second, i want to thank and congratulate the Board of Directors now running the show. And a very able and amiable group it is, consisting of: Gary “Fish” Peterson, President/Chair; Dyan Damron-Cushing, Treasurer; Cindy Lyman, Corresponding Secretary; Thomas Dunklin, Kay Raplenovich, Becky Enberg, Bob Stansberry, Lori Cook, Jamie Roscoe, and Ellen Taylor. Our latest addition–the eleventh Board member– is Lisa Hindley, a dynamo at the Humboldt County Fair, who enjoys a family cabin in Honeydew with her husband, Laurence; the couple grow the locally-prized organic Hindley wheat.
Other locals who have contributed (and continue to give) to our current ambition in a big way are Kathy Major, our grantwriter, of Ferndale; Tracy Maher, daughter of Becky Enberg and a gung-ho businesswoman with the interests of both her family and the Mattole Valley at heart; Steve Nesvold, of Omsberg & Preston Engineering (not to mention that whole firm); and Jim Groeling, Mattole designer-builder, who has warmly embraced this Museum project and indeed, can’t help but cast his creative eye onto the development and landscape design of the entire parcel on the Petrolia Square. The chummy, community-minded approach taken by Groeling and his associates from our Board–Thomas Dunklin, Gary Fish, Bob Stansberry, and Kay R.–makes for an effort lightened by heart and spirit.

Thanks to the generosity of Linda Stansberry, we also benefited from a couple of hours of advice on the professional way to run Board business from local non-profits expert Byrd Lochtie. We felt so grateful for Byrd’s wisdom and experience that we are hoping to engage her later this summer for a longer workshop to fine-tune our Strategic Plan and learn more about how to prioritize and pursue our goals.

I, Laura, resigned from the Board of Directors at the June, 2019, Board meeting–from the duties of minutes-recording Secretary, from the obligation of attending every monthly meeting, and from primary responsibility for the twice-yearly newsletter and the membership and mailing lists. For a quarter-century i have been keen on Mattole history, since the time Ellen Taylor asked me to open a P.O. box, as Secretary of an Historical Society, to receive entries to a poetry contest celebrating the rescue of the F.V. Misty from the beach at the mouth of the Mattole in 1994. The MVHS has been my life here. I have nothing but appreciation and love for the people i have met and worked with around local history, and i have been honored to be entrusted with so many personal and family treasures. Still, i have several personal reasons for needing to take back my time; even in terms of the Mattole Valley Historical Society alone, i see that i need to focus on the past itself, and let other energetic, worldly, practical people take over the running of business. I think the timing is good. As i mentioned on the “About–Update” page, online there will be a loose division between the upcoming website, probably focusing more on business and fun matters, and this blog, where i will be freed up to post more historical information. I think the newsletter will probably likewise become less a collection of in-depth history-geek investigations mainly by yours truly, and more a participatory collection of whatever people want to contribute–a bit lighter, with more short articles or pictures from various sources. I myself have promised to feed information to the new newsletter editors, though i may tend to root through the archives and the emails to find interesting stories, rather than research deeply myself (other than if i am already doing that for this blog).

I believe we have someone to put together the newsletter and send it out to the membership, though i am not going to reveal her yet; however, any help is welcome! Whether you have information–researched articles, photos, interviews–to share or have an interest in helping with the production and mailing of the newsletter, probably twice a year, we can certainly use your assistance. Please reply below or email mattolehistory@frontiernet.net if you want to get involved with the Now… and Then newsletter.

And what will i do? Well, besides the immediate pressing personal projects of finishing my Tiny House, finding a way to make money, and finishing a non-historical book i’ve been off-and-on writing for fifteen years, i do have intentions of continuing to contribute to our local Mattole historical collection. My goals (preferably to be near completion when i die; that is, i’ll work on them, off and on, for the rest of my life, but whether they are ever finished will be another matter) are:
~Organize the office collection (get advice and guidelines from professional curating sources, because this collection will someday be housed in our new museum, and may as well start from a logical and secure system)
~Organize all my digital files and be sure to have adequate backup, both on devices and in “the Cloud”
~Write research articles, reflections, or interviews, and post old photos, on this blog, and share historical information with the newsletter as mentioned above
~Scan all the old newsletters, and digitize the collection (see post just previous to this called “Back issues of MVHS newsletter”)
~Integrate corrections into the Petrolia Cemetery Burials Guide for an accurate handbook
~Transcribe a zillion old hand-scrawled notes of mine into a searchable “Random Notes” file
~Put together the Images of America book on the Lower Mattole Valley. Tammy Durston wrote one on The Lost Coast and has urged me to make this next one happen. It could focus on Petrolia, or (my preference, if the editors agreed) on the whole community downstream of Ettersburg: Honeydew and Petrolia to the ocean.

I almost forgot to mention, though, that one of the main features of my backing-off from the MVHS was that although i hope to do all these things, i cannot promise them by any particular time! That is, they are uncompensated, voluntary hobbie projects, and i will be happy to get to them whenever i can. On the other hand, some of these jobs could certainly use assistance from an eager volunteer, in which case i will have to agree to some timelines. Please, if you would like to help out, say, organizing the office collection or replacing the old photo display on the walls inside the Grange, get in touch and we’ll see what we can do!

All right now, without further ado, i present the updates Kay Raplenovich sent us this summer on our current exciting projects. The text will be followed by the latest of Jim Groeling’s plans for the museum building.


The Board of the Mattole Valley Historical Society enthusiastically approved the blueprints of The Mattole Valley Historical Society and Education Center, created by local architect Jim Groeling. Three lots across from the fire station were donated to the MVHS by Becky Enberg for the sole purpose of creating a home to preserve and share the history of the Mattole Valley. Groeling created a design reminiscent of the residence structures that were once at the Punta Gorda Lighthouse, in a style also similar to the buildings at Point Cabrillo Light Station in Mendocino. The museum will be the first new public building in downtown Petrolia since reconstruction after the 1992 earthquakes. The vision is that this education and visitors’ center will serve the community of Petrolia and Honeydew, and all who travel through, as a place for local research, for quiet conversation on the porch, for community gatherings, and as a place to share ideas and stories. Here too, artifacts can be preserved and observed and meetings will be held; it will be a home for the film and lecture series, groups of school children will be guided through the past, and visitors to the Lost Coast will discover the journeys of those who traveled before.

The building committee, consisting of Thomas Dunklin, Kay Raplenovich, and Bob Stansberry, has met with Jim Groeling to finalize plans and develop an innovative approach to building a new structure with a historical focus. Discussions have included: Designing an apprenticeship program, in the style of journeymen, for high school students and locals interested in construction; involving local timber producers to donate local woods; organizing community volunteer construction days in the style of Amish barn raisings; and hiring local qualified builders to supplement Groeling’s crew.

Funds amounting to $200,000 must be raised before breaking ground. Until that goal is reached the land will be maintained and eventually used as a green space with picnic tables and a historical kiosk.


            A fundraising campaign has begun to raise needed costs to build the new museum and education center. The committee consisting of Lori Cook, Dyan Damron, Cindy Lyman, and Kay Raplenovich has

initiated Petrolia events to raise visibility and inform local residents of the exciting plans for the downtown Square. The building plans were publicly unveiled at the St. Patrick’s Day Corned Beef and Cabbage dinner to great interest from those in attendance. 

The INSIGHT series was launched with the showing of A River’s Last Chance, Shane Anderson’s award-winning Eel River documentary. Board member Thomas Dunklin led discussion following the viewing and shared a short film he shot underwater of salmon frolicking in the river. The INSIGHT series is a film and lecture series that will continue in the Fall with travelogues by local residents, historical lectures by board members, and viewing of other enlightening films.

Lori Cook’s May Days Raffle raised nearly $4,000 for the building fund. Each day in May a raffle ticket was drawn, a prize awarded to the winner and announced on the Google Group. The array of prizes was a showcase of the wild range of the various gifts our creative locals have to offer: local food and wine, cosmetics, health and beauty products, household furnishings, kitchenware, quilts and afghans; gift certificates for such things as brush clearing, mowing, firewood, etc., and for stays at Bed & Breakfasts and credit at businesses and restaurants in town; fine crafts and paintings; a full massage; and many more gifts that anyone would be delighted to win. Lori did a fantastic job collecting these prizes and staying on this project for well over the month it took to choose a winning ticket every day.

On June 30, Tom Hart, owner of the Humboldt Cider Company and fan of heritage apple trees, lit up the Mattole Grange with his presentation on Albert Etter and his Ettersburg farm. Lori Cook was responsible for a delicious lunch, and Etter family members had laid out an impressive array of historical photos and articles on Albert and his work. Thomas Dunklin filmed this video: https://vimeo.com/345924460 ; go online and have a virtual Mattole experience. Thomas also took on the organization and preparation for this event quite late in the game, so many thanks go to him, Lori and John and their helpers, and to Miss Mary Etter, money and people magnet extraordinaire, for helping that wonderful Sunday afternoon net $800 for the Building Fund.

            The local Petrolia fundraisers are just the beginning of raising needed monies to build the MVHS home on the Square. Grant writer Kathy Major, of Ferndale, has been employed to assist with grants and projects throughout Humboldt County and beyond.

And here are Jim Groeling’s preliminary building plans:

Oh! Well there’s an interesting development. Because the plans are in a .pdf file, they don’t just show up here. However, if you click on the link, it should open–it did for me.

Thank you for your interest in Mattole Valley history and its preservation!


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Hello Dear Readers,
A decade or so back, i had published a list of back issues, but it was buried in another post; so rather than adding to that, i am making a new stand-alone list. I should add to this as each newsletter comes out. (I must say that WordPress has gotten much easier to use lately, and i mean to pay more attention to it now–it will be a snap.)

Some of these newsletters, the recent ones, are available as .pdf’s which can be emailed upon request; and some of the old ones may be available in hard copy. But i’m afraid some of them are out of print now, although we still have the page-by-page master sheets for each one. Many of the early issues were put together by the old cut-and-paste methods, not digitally, and must be scanned into .pdf’s in order to be easily available. Eventually, perhaps i will post some of them online. That’s one of my upcoming projects: digitizing the newsletter collection. Meantime, if you see an issue below that piques your interest, reply and maybe we can help you get a readable copy.

Back Issues of Now… and Then

Vol. 1, no. 1 (June, 1999): Proposal for Historical Society, seeking members and ideas. 4 pages.

Vol. 1, no. 2 (September, 1999): A.W. Way and his Place in the Mattole; Bear River Natives’ fishing methods. 8 pages.

Vol. 1, no. 3 (Winter, 2000): Reminiscences of Ruth Miner; Mattole Union School becomes Mattole Valley Community Center; more. 8 pages.

Vol. 1, no. 4 (Spring, 2000): Rudy Senn’s Schoolbus Memories and more; School to Community Center, part 2; Riding through the Valley in 1912 (excerpt from J. Smeaton Chase book). 8 pages.

Vol. 2, no. 1 (Summer, 2000): Early Days of Mattole Grange, more. 10 pages.

Vol. 2, no. 2 (Autumn, 2000): John Salladay’s First 92 years, by Sandy Antonson-Solo; Ancient World Animates Grange, by Ellen Taylor. 10 pages.

Vol. 2, no. 3 (Winter, 2001): Searching for Miss Katie Cummings; A Tribute to Tanoak; Teamster Remembers Eerie Events (excerpt from Vera Snider Teague book). 10 pages.

Vol. 2, no. 4 (Spring, 2001): Young Petrolian Drew Barber Discovers Roots; Book of Petrolia to be republished; Taylor Peak. 10 pages.

Vol. 3, no. 1 (Summer, 2001): Hometown Horsewoman Doris Loudermilk, by Sandy Antonson-Solo; Curly Wright anecdote; Dick Collins remembered. 10 pages.

Vol. 3, no. 2 (Autumn, 2001): Journal Illuminates Judge Moses Conklin; more. 10 pages.

Vol. 3, no. 3 (Winter, 2002): Buckskin Jack, Family Man (notorious killer/Indian fighter, 1860s); Marguerite Tooker’s Light Station memories. 10 pages.

Vol. 3, no. 4 (Spring, 2002): Reminiscing with Frankie Lawrence; more. 10 pages.

Vol. 4, no. 1 (Summer, 2002): Gracious Lady, Good Neighbor– June Chambers Mathison, by Sandy Antonson-Solo; Memories of Telephone Man Gene Schonrock; more. 10 pages.

Vol. 4, no. 2 (Autumn, 2002): Capetown Schoolhouse Saved; Ruth Cartwright, teacher, interview; more by Gene Schonrock; Six Ladies on a Mattole Road Trip, c. 1885 (from old newspaper). 10 pages.

Vol. 4, no. 3 (Winter, 2003): Curly Wright, by John M.G. Brown; more. 10 pages.

Vol. 4, no. 4 (Spring, 2003): Walt Davis Decides to Look Back; Mayme Hunter Cook remembered by son Leonard Cook; Letter from Wanda Harrington Hart, re: Hunter, Cook families and lighthouses. 10 pp.

Vol. 5, no. 1 (Summer, 2003): Walt’s Return to Upper Mattole, by Walt Davis; Mr. Hill in the Mattole Valley, 1854; Fletch Harrow-Jack Lucy Duel, by Bob Stansberry. 12 pages.

Vol. 5, no. 2 (Autumn, 2003): Was He Really “Crazy” John? (John the Beach Hermit); Jim O’Dell to the Rescue, Chapter 3 of Walt Davis’s writings; Honeydew/Petrolia relations; Allen Miner and Mary Rackliff Etter remembrances. 12 pages.

Vol. 5, no. 3 (Winter, 2004): Honeydew this and Honeydew that… (name origin); It’s Cooskie on the Map (another about name origin); Uncle Bill Squires and Aunt Lil, Chapter 4 by Walt Davis. 12 pages.

Vol. 5, no. 4 (Spring, 2004): Honeydew Milltown Swept Away like Sawdust; Sesquicentennial plans. 10 pages.

Vol. 6, no. 1 (Summer, 2004): Special Sesquicentennial Issue. Oil Dream Creates Petrolia in Lower Mattole; The Mattole Native People, by Gordon Bussell; What Happened to the Natives Here/A Bloody Decade (1854-1864); Sesquicentennial Events schedules. 16 pages.

Vol. 6, no. 2 (Autumn, 2004): The Rex and Ruth Rathbun Story, by Sandy Antonson-Solo; Sesquicentennial reports and pictures; Time Capsule dedication speech. 16 pages.

Vol. 6, no. 3 (Winter, 2005): Rathbuns’ 30 Years Here Makes a Difference (conclusion of Rathbun series), by Sandy Antonson-Solo; The Ranch House Message System, 1975-2000, by David Simpson; Triple R Ranch, brief history; Chambers (Lanini) Cabin. 12 pages.

Vol. 6, no. 4 (Spring, 2005): On the Trail of Bonnie Buckeye (by Laura Cooskey with Becky Enberg); 1919 letter to Aleita Schortgen; more. 12 pages.

Vol. 7, no. 1 (Autumn, 2005; #25): Albert Etter and Brothers, Engineers in Eden; more. 12 pages.

Vol. 7, no. 2 (Winter, 2006; #26): Albert Etter: The Legacy of a Fruit Explorer, pt. 2 of Etter story, by Ram Fishman; 1970 Petrolia phone directory. 12 pages.

Vol. 7, no. 3 (Spring, 2006; #27): For Gypsy Evenden, with her letter; World War II in the Valley. 8 pages.

Vol. 7, no. 4 (Spring, 2007; #28): Spiritual World of Mattole Natives (by Ellen Taylor); Sam Kelsey by his great-great grandson; Donell McCanless (by Buck Miner); the Mary Rackliff Etter house (by Ellen Taylor). 12 pages.

Vol. 8, no. 1 (Autumn, 2007; #29): St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, by Margot Wells; Rosa Wright Johnson’s diary of covered wagon journey, 1859; preliminary list of historic homes in lower Mattole. 12 pages.

Vol. 8, no. 2 (Summer, 2008; #30): Ray Azevedo interview; Don Etter, Man on the Move (by Brian Doyle). 12 pages.

Vol. 8, no. 3 (Summer, 2009; #31): Gideon Cummings journal of covered-wagon trip West; Dr. Earl E. Gossard tribute; Aleita Schortgen autobiography; history of restaurants/bars in the Valley. 16 pages.

Vol. 8, no. 4 (Winter, 2010; #32): Drownings in the Mattole; Chief and Nina Mathews. 12 pages.

Vol. 9, no. 1 (December, 2010; #33): First Accounts of White Settlers; Becky Enberg on Petrolia Store in ’40s; Patty Langer on Rock House in ’50s. 12 pages.

Vol. 9, no. 2 (December, 2011; #34): Petrolia Pioneer Cemetery-A Guide to the Burials; Leah Kausen obituary. 20 pages.

Vol. 9, no. 3 (Autumn, 2014; #35): Their Ship Came In with the Sea-Weed (1970s marijuana); The Women of the “Squaw Men” of Upper Mattole. 16 pages. (corrected .pdf)

Vol. 9, no. 4 (Spring, 2015; #36): ‘Colorful Characters of Yesteryear’ (murderers and fugitives in Mattole history); Punta Gorda light station burning; Roger Brown. 12 pages.

Vol. 10, no. 1 (Autumn, 2015; #37): Johnny Kazipp; End of the oil boom, by Nicole Log. 12 pages.

Vol. 10, no. 2 (Spring/Sum, 2016; #38): Musings on Mattole Trees; brief description of building project progress, with floor plan. 12 pages.

Vol. 10, no. 3 (Winter, 2016-17; #39): Francis Cook; 1890 letter re: visit to Mattole; Honeydew Bridge meeting. 12 pages.

Vol. 10, no. 4 (Spring, 2017; #40): Mattole Lumber Co.; list of Mattole deaths since mid-2003; Mattole Hole microclimate, by Ken Young. 12 pages.

Vol. 11, no. 1 (Autumn, 2017; #41): Mattole Lumber Co., Pt. 2; Tanbarking, by Bob Stansberry; Ruth Miner is her dad’s “boy” in 1920s; Wool Creations from Valley sheep. Continuation of death notices, now a standard newsletter feature. 12 pp.

Vol. 11, no. 2 (Spr-Sum, 2018; #42): Shivarees; Old-Time Remedies, by Becky Enberg; Grange BBQ reminiscences; Ken Young story. 12 pp.

Vol. 11, no. 3 (Autumn-Winter, 2018; #43): Gender Roles in Mattole; Museum Plan Update; Current membership list. 12 pp.

Vol.  11, no. 4 (Summer, 2019; #44): The Other Native Land Grab: Indian Scrip; Building and Fundraising Committee updates. 12 pp.


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Hi Everyone,
If you are members of the MVHS, you should have received Issue #44 of the Now… and Then newsletter. The paper copies were mailed Monday, July 22, and emailed .pdf’s were sent out mid-week.

(If you are not a member, please contact the Mattole Valley Historical Society [mattolehistory@frontiernet.net] to sign up.)

This edition’s main article, entitled “The ‘Other’ Native Land Grab: Chippewa, Sioux, and Big Oil Ambitions,” got too big and unwieldy for the pages available for it; I couldn’t fit all the information I wanted to in the newsletter, so I promised to post more on this blog. Of course, the best solution for people wanting to know more about the Indian scrip and how it came to be used for oil lands on the coast north of the Mattole River would be for them to read further in the sources listed below, and to do some of their own research. Unfortunately, I left some pretty big holes in the story as printed. Some of the answers might be found by learning more about the operations of the federal General Land Office’s outpost in Eureka in the 1860s–who worked there and by whom in Washington they were directly supervised; and by asking an attorney well-schooled in real estate law and California history how and when the patents were cancelled, what the legal status of lands whose patents never were cancelled, etc.

As far as wondering who worked in the Land Office goes, it would be interesting to verify some of the claims made by Paul W. Gates in his Land and Law in California: Essays on Land Policies. On p. 240, Gates writes, “Clinton Gurnee, a son-in-law of [William S.] Chapman, was secretary of the Sioux commission, and it was he who actually negotiated for the scrip and entered for Chapman 8,000 acres in Santa Cruz County. Altogether, in the San Francisco and Humboldt districts, Chapman entered 20,685 acres with this scrip and 14,200 acres in Nevada. Chapman’s brother was deputy surveyor in the Humboldt district and through his control of the maps and knowledge of the best timbered sections was able to secure the lands with the best stumpage, as was pointed out by a rival.” The rival was A.W. McPherson, who is mentioned in Henderson’s journal and in several of the government reports and investigations into the scrip fraud. Now, this explanation of the son-in-law on the Sioux commission and the brother being a deputy surveyor in Humboldt sounds like a pretty convenient way to explain Chapman’s ease in abusing the scrip. However, my research on ancestry.com so far does not bear out these kinship claims. Chapman’s daughter Elizabeth married Jesse Grant, the son of President Ulysses S. Grant. That’s a pretty influential level on which to operate, but he was not Clinton Gurnee. Elizabeth’s sister Mary Ellen married John Elliott Mason, and Josephine Lucelia died at the age of 18. (Two different death records exist; one claims her cause of death as typhoid fever, and the other says premature birth, which is scratched out and replaced by “Abortion.”) Josephine still carried the surname Chapman, so I doubt she was a connection to Gurnee. And as far as William S. Chapman’s brother being a Humboldt County Surveyor, it’s possible–he had many brothers and I haven’t tracked down the locations and occupations of each. But it’s also possible that Gates is confusing our William Smith Chapman with the W. W. Chapman family. The Surveyor General of Oregon, W. W. Chapman, had four sons who were also involved in that calling: Arthur, Winfield, Huston, and Thomas. I can’t see that this family was related to our William Smith Chapman family, though it could be. W.W. Chapman was not W.S. Chapman’s brother, that much is clear.

We’ll get back to these sources and the investigation in a little bit. But this 1865 map, part of which appears on the front page of our current newsletter, shows something that was cut off there: A dot labelled “Johnson’s House” in the northwest quarter of Section 13 (T1S, R3W, Humboldt Meridian)–just south of the mouth of Davis Creek.


Now that’s a pretty location for a house. It is likely the place and the person mentioned in two of Henderson’s 1865 journal entries: on March 4, he says, “Johnson arrives from San Francisco,” and on March 22, “Hastings arranging to locate the property (…?) of 1S, 3W Johnson purchase.” Who is this Johnson? Well, later that year, six parcels in 1N, 3W (Cape Mendocino and north) were deeded from the U.S. Government to Thomas A. Scott and John F. Johnson (on 11/01/1865). A letter in the Humboldt Times of June 11, 1864, from Mattole’s Judge Moses J. Conklin, had related that “A company in San Francisco has purchased some of the [oil] springs and I believe some land also. A gentleman named Johnson, who is versed in such matters, has been looking at the springs and making enquiries. As to the intentions of the company, I am not advised. But I would like to call the attention of capitalists and enterprising businessmen to the fact that we have large and extensive oils springs in our valley.”

I am pretty convinced this Johnson is the John F. Johnson who purchased land with Scott, and whom Henderson mentions. There were other people named as “Johnson” in Mattole oil history; one was D.J. Johnson, who came from Pennsylvania but did not arrive until late in the decade, and the other, Charles A. Johnston, whose name is persistently misspelled without the “T” but who likewise was not in the Mattole area of 1865. So oilman Johnson is likely John F. Johnson, and he probably had the house at the mouth of Davis Creek. But what else do we know about John F. Johnson, of San Francisco and Mattole? Nothing. There were dozens of John Johnsons in the man’s likely age range in San Francisco in the 1860s, so it’s hard to pin him down. But that’s just an interesting thing to know, i think– that there was once a house on the south bank of Davis Creek, probably up against the hillside on the east side of the road, though i can’t tell if it would have been down on the flat close to the creek or on the little plateau above that.

Here are the two maps that wouldn’t fit into the newsletter, showing more of the Chippewa scrip claims in, first, 1N, 3W–these seven patents were issued in May of 1870:


… and the one to John B. Nolin in Section 34 at Upper Mattole:


Below is a photo circulating around Metis websites of “Five of the Earliest Indian Inhabitants of St. Mary’s Falls, 1855.” That would be Sault Ste. Marie to us, and the men were Metis, not strictly Native, though adopted into the Ojibway tribe. Although there are various versions of the order of the names, Louis Cadotte is probably one of the two men on the left. If this is the Louis Cadotte who was issued Chippewa Scrip to Mattole-area land–and his other connections make me believe this is possible, if not likely–then he briefly held title to some steep land just north of Domingo Creek.
Just to give a little more of a picture of the players in this episode of history.


Photo from http://metis-history.info/photo-ck4f.shtml


There is quite a bit more information I will post on this topic, so stay tuned for #2 and maybe #3 of this follow-up.
I also will put up some more info on other MVHS projects soon! Please be patient.
Thank you!

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